Theories Of Motivation

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Employee Motivation and Work Outcomes The success of an organization highly depends on how the employees work. Motivation, a term whose synonyms may mean prompt and provoke among others, shows that when there is no motivation, nothing gets done. Theories such as Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Herzberg's two-factor theory and Aristotle's seven causes are among the few theories that explain motivation. Though these theories are different, the one common fact they all share is that they are all about the people's needs that should be met. There are two categories of motivation that a company can apply. They are intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation. Intrinsic motivation is wholly dependent on a person's internal gratification. It is mainly…show more content…
One of the theories the organization applies is the job characteristics model of motivation to increase productivity and job outcome. The theory was proposed by Oldham and Hackman, who proposed that a task plays a significant role in creating motivation in an employee (Lauby 86). Monotony kills an employee's motivation to work. Employees provided with a challenging task display more enthusiasm and motivation compared to those stifled with the same tasks on a daily basis. The theory has five factors integral in motivating workers. Google applies all these aspects, and they…show more content…
also adopts the principle that ‘fun is good'. Apart from creating a challenging job, the management also gives its employee many other benefits. One of these benefits is a unique working environment. There are extra facilities such as health facilities, cafeterias that offer healthy organic meals, laundry facilities, gyms, massage rooms, car washes among other things. They are all things that any employee would want. There are extra benefits too that the employees get to enjoy such as free haircuts, childcare services and gift matching programs. In addition, the employees get free health and dental care, enjoy flexible spending accounts, tuition reimbursements and vacation benefits. Child care is not an issue to the employees in Google Inc. as new parents are provided with Take-Out Benefits in addition to a childcare facility within the company. This takes away the load of childcare from the new parent, giving them a chance to maintain a balance between their personal lives and their job. All this rewards are an added advantage to the freedom the employees have in Google

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