Emotional Development In Adolescence

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According to the report of population division, department of economic and social affairs, United nation 2012, world had 721 million of adolescents aged 12-17 and is expected to increase 762 million in 2030. India is one among the world’s largest adolescent populations with 253 million (Indian census, 2011). Every fifth person in the country is an adolescent in the age group of 10-19 years (Prathiba, 2014). Adolescence is the crucial, transition period of development from childhood to adulthood. It starts with the onset of puberty and ends with an individual assuming adult roles and responsibilities. It is a period often signaled by tremendous spurt in growth and development. The physical, intellectual, emotional, and social developmental…show more content…
Physical changes involve rapid growth and development of bones and muscles. The growth spurt includes a varying pattern for boys and girls and is not uniform across the life stage. Reaching puberty is associated with development of secondary sexual characteristics, sexual maturity and onset of sexual activity. Even though the sequence of physical changes is largely predictable, there is great variability in the age of onset of puberty and the pace at which changes occur (Peterson,…show more content…
Intensification of emotional experiences also occurs in adolescence. Self concept and self esteem are the most important change due to emotional development. Self identity includes beliefs about one’s attributes, roles and goals, interests, and values. Self-esteem refers to how much the adolescents like or approve about perceived selves as a whole. Comments by others, particularly parents and peers, reflect appraisals of the individual that some adolescents may incorporate as part of their identity and feelings about themselves (Robinson, 1995). Emotional development in relation to others is another key area of development in adolescence. This includes development of emotional skills to recognise and manage emotions, developing empathy, learning to resolve conflict constructively and development of cooperative spirit (Goleman,

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