Citizen Participation In Development

2579 Words11 Pages
International literature about citizen participation was weak in the 1950s but in no time it expanded and flourished starting from the 60s and 70s, and it is still growing enormously over the years. most of the theorists, economist, sociologists and philosophers turned their attention to the concept of citizen participation. the concept of participation in development is old but it has evolved with time to be included in development projects. According to Day (1997) citizen participation programs began since 1950s. Andrea Cornwall (2002) called for a participatory action research methods based on inspiration from theses done by Paulo Freire (1973). Self determination and development were the assumed aim of collective action research. In addition…show more content…
So is the planners role, the concepts of justice and performance of bureaucracy. This confusion is related to different philosophies in the profession (day,1997). ‘Community participation’ is a generic notion, but it can be defined as civic practices to influence or make decisions regarding collective life without being part of the governing or elite groups (Alford and Friedland, 1985). And according to Weberian (1864-1920) it is rights and duties definition, the control and supervision of public resource social distribution and access to conflict of interest resolution and regulation. it is a voluntary act between different players; such as governmental institutions, individuals, services officials, CBOs, NGOs, community organizations, private institutions. The word community can be defined according to a geographical, social, political or economic sense. Social scientists identified community typologies according to place, relationships and politics (Suttles,…show more content…
it is the role that the participants play is more than the benefits they get. -Players: different types of participants -Relations: voluntary relationship between different players. it is a two way process, where government and public interact to achieve effective ongoing process 5.3. Participation a sign of good governance in the beginning citizen participation was made to focus on governance (Peters, 2000). it is assumed that the governance resulting from active citizen participation is more democratic and effective. Good governance is different than democracy, the later strengthens the first. Good governance is a broad term that includes participation, decentralization, reducing poverty, human rights, human and sustainable development (Piffero,2009). good governance works to benefit the public using open transparent policies, encouraging the involvement of the civilians in decision making and the distribution of power without corruption (world bank website, , (Accessed 30 March 2014)). This concept is emphasized by the UNDP, in addition to characterizing it as a clear, liable, open, useful, just, law abiding, consented sustainable participation process. Since it responds to the needs of the present and future (Lam,2002). Development should be appropriated to the needs of the locals and protects their rights, it is never just choosing another alternative to development.

More about Citizen Participation In Development

Open Document