Urban Location Theory

1764 Words8 Pages
With the development of urbanization and industrialization in China, the level of city economics is improved constantly, the contradiction between limited supply of land resource and unlimited demand of economics becomes more and more extruded (Sun 2012) Regional economic development differences are expanding as well, which is restricted the sustainable development of land economics. Land economic density is an important index to measure the land utilization efficiency and urban economic development. Spatial territory of China is complex, and there is a great disparity among regions. Therefore, choosing the corresponding economic structure according to the spatial agglomeration and superiority conditions of regional economy and analyzing the…show more content…
The main representatives were the agricultural location theory proposed by the German agricultural economy and the agricultural geography expert Thunen in 1826, W. Weber's industrial location theory, German geographer W. Christaller's urban location theory and German economist August Losch's market location theory (Wang 2006). These scholars analyzed the relationships between land economic benefits and land rent from different geographical point of view. With the development of society, location theory and land rent theory have been introduced into the research of land intensive use. Smith (1987) and Lambin (1994) used the land rent theory as guidance, established the land use models including natural factors and human factors to research the problem of city land intensive use. Fonseea (1981) had been put forward a series evaluation index of land development efficiency, which included density, volume ratio, building density, etc. He also used graphic method to analyze and determine the maximum land development and utilization…show more content…
and Wu C.F. (2010) took panel data of 13 cities in Hunan Province from 1995 to 2007 as the foundation, used spatial analysis and Theil method to analyze the spatial- temporal distribution characteristic of land economic density and discussed the internal influence mechanism of land economy through constructing the panel data model. They concluded that urban economic development did not necessarily bring about the improvement of land use pattern. Wu Y.Z., Wu C.F. and Luo W.B. (2013)26 studied the influencing factors and the effects of urban land economic density by using spatial density analysis, EASD and panel data model methods. Fang B., Wu J.F. and Wang B. (2011)86 analyzed land economic density of the Yangtze River Delta region by using ArcGIS spatial analysis software and Kuznets curve method. The results showed that land economic density had a strong correlation with economic structural stability. Most of the scholars are concentrated on using ESDA spatial analysis in land economic density, but few of them using gravity center model (Zhang 2013;Li 2013;Cai 2012), which can better draw the change trace of the land economic density. Gravity center model is applied to population research at the earliest. With the development of the research, domestic scholars began to research the space of a variety of natural, social and economic resources’ gravity problem from the beginning of 1970s (Zheng

More about Urban Location Theory

Open Document