Theoretical And Conceptual Framework

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Theoretical and Conceptual Framework The principles and concepts that have helped shape the framework of this study are mainly drawn from the structural functionalist theory, social contract theory, reinforcement theory, the UN Humanitarian Resolution 46/182 of 1991, the Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act of 2010 (R.A. 10121), the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Framework of the Philippines, and the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Plan, 2011 to 2028. The Structural Functionalism Theory by Talcott Parsons circulates around the idea that hierarchical class systems and orders were necessary for society to function. Within this function are the AGIL system or the Adaptation, Goal Achievement,…show more content…
The latter was brought into public policy application due to scientific and technological innovations that made possible the forecasting and modeling of natural hazards such as earthquake and floods, thus reducing the impact of natural hazards to humans. These lead to the channeling of resources into hazards education, disaster risk reduction and management trainings, humanitarian assistance, disaster aid, and relief operations. These efforts, together with the aggregate of other efforts designed to adapt to weather and socio-political conditions, were formalized into one comprehensive law on Disaster Risk Reduction and…show more content…
Hence, the affected State has the primary role in the initiation, organization, coordination, and implementation of humanitarian assistance within its territory”. This means basically that protection of its people is crucial. In relation to providing humanitarian aid during disaster events, the states are responsible for “calling” a crisis and inviting international aid; they provide assistance and protection themselves; they are responsible for monitoring and coordinating external assistance; and they set the regulatory and legal frameworks governing assistance. Burrhus Frederic Skinner derived the reinforcement theory, one of the oldest theories of motivation, as a way to explain behavior and why we do what we do. The theory may also be known as Behaviorism, or Operant Conditioning, which deals with operants - intentional actions that have an effect on the surrounding environment. Thus, with this context, it can be said that there is a necessity in “conditioning” or training, simulation exercises and drills in disaster preparedness of “operants” which are the citizens and the Makati

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