The History Of Animation

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Animation is among one of the most important medium of creativity in the twenty-first century. Animation or can be defined as a form of animate display is derived from the Latin verb "animare" which means "to give life to". In other words, it means an illustration of something and make it look exactly like the subject of the origin of life. Animation is an art approach used to deliver a message or implicit value. Animation has aesthetic value and involve many aspects of visual culture. Animation is a unique art. This is because the animation is a film produced by hand. Using hands here means, in the production of an animated film, an artist needs to make the frame-by-frame one by one. Production of an animation is not as easy as we thought.…show more content…
Based on the history timeline, there are six devices of early animation. There are flipbooks, stop motion like puppet and clay, cel animation, chalk animation, and silhouette animation. Animation have twelve principles that consists of squash and stretch, anticipation, staging, pose to pose, follow through, slow in show out, arcs, secondary action, timing, exaggeration, solid drawing and the last but not least is appeal. History of animation started from 1887 when Goodwin invented nitrate celluloid film, in 1892, Reynard invented the Praxinoscope, in 1893 Edison invented the Kinetoscope, in 1894, Lumiere invented the cinematograph which involves the use of tools such camera, projector, and printer. While in 1900, development of film appear to the enchanted drawing which consists live action film and replacement technique. In 1906, there are humorous phases of funny faces where this process involves the making of animation that recorded frame by frame. Next, in 1925, the appearance of an animation entitled The Adventures of Prince Achmed. This animation use silhouette. Further, there are many more animation that appeared during the early 19th century. According to the historical record of animation, in the 19th century can be called as the golden era of animation. Animation in British history also appears at the beginning of this…show more content…
The migration of some famous animator to United Kingdom reinforces the arising of the animation there. Some animators are Lotte Reiniger from German, John Halas from Hungary, George Dunning and Richard Williams from Canada, Terry Gilliam and Tim Burton from USA. They have produced long duration animation film such as Animal Farm in 1954, Yellow Submarine in 1968, Watership Down in 1978 and the latest one is Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the were Rabbit in 2005. Development in British animation has gone through various stages that are influenced by political factors, economic, internal culture, and international culture. According to historical records, the development of animation in the British have gone through several stages. At each level is influenced by various factors. The political, economic and culture are among the factors that impact positively or negatively on industry in British animation. These factors have been used as inspiration or ideas in production in British

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