Rural Women In Ethiopia

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Over 85% of the population in Ethiopia lives in the rural areas and depend on subsistence agriculture (Yohannis, 2010). Ethiopian rural women reside in the rural areas and they make significant contribution to agriculture to ensure food security and are majority of the farm labor force. Women in the rural produce over half of the food required by family. A major chunk of women’s labor force in production system is invested in weeding, harvesting, house hold, animal care, marketing, post harvesting etc (Ranjan and Hedija, 2004). Harrowing and weeding, in particular, are considered as women’s activities. Women are also active in livestock activities. In addition to their active engagement in crop and livestock production, women are responsible…show more content…
Women in rural areas wish to have large number of children since having large number of children is associated with high social status in the community. The women who have constitute about half of world total population live in the rural areas do have less access to education than their men counterpart (World Bank, 2002). Most research indicates that women constitute the worlds large proportion of the poor. In the world the number of rural women living in poverty has increased by 50 % since 1975. In Ethiopia more than 60% of population lives in poverty and with high maternal mortality rate (UN,…show more content…
“Extension program, which target women and client to empower them have become popular in recent year, this bring changes in development policies and program. It creates condensate empowerment for selves to have greater self-reliance, to play major role in economy and social aspect of household as well as of the community” (Habtemariam, 1996). According to Habtemariam (2004), the extension system in Ethiopia has relatively longer history than many other Sub Saharan African countries. It has also enjoyed increasing government support over years, though not the level expected. Though it increased its staff substantially to expand coverage, there is not much change in way extension activities are planned, implemented and evaluated. Review of the evolution of the Ethiopian extension system under different political systems reveals the significance of prevailing policies and development strategies on the contribution that could make to agricultural development. The required policies have to include the establishment of micro finance institutions that provide health services, credit, training and the like, which are important to insight them about productivities and farming technologies and application

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