Women Migration Case Study

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3. Reasons for women unauthorized migration to the Middle East countries 3.1. Poverty According to ILO, 2011, women are the first vulnerable group of the society affected by income inequality. It is also the same in Ethiopia. As most of the women have less educational background and limited access to opportunities, they tend to see migration as means of employment(Van Blerk 2007,P.248). The patriarchal culture in Ethiopia favors men in a way that women have limited access to resource , education and trainings opportunities. (Wujira 2011,P.2). As Pearce stated " the feminization of poverty is a phenomenon in which women account for an increasingly large proportion of the economically disadvantaged group"(Pearce 1978). The household theory recognized men as a decision maker on the resources and women are entitled to household activities to govern and administer family consumption and expenditure(Omelanuik xxx). In Ethiopian patriarchal culture, boys have enjoyed a comparative advantage to go to schools and work on informal economics sectors. Given the fact that women's have less access and opportunity for training , once they reach adulthood stage the effect of gender inequality begins to reflect on their daily life. This includes difficulty to get a job, internal Migration to the cities and…show more content…
In Philippines Some agencies provide training regarding to household activities and for professional work also. In addition all other information will be provided including visa process, medical checkup , government authentication and organization information(Agunias 2010,P.10). Where as in Ethiopia migrant women do not have any information about their employer, job, salary and visa system. As I mentioned earlier they are going blindly. Most of them came from rural part of Ethiopia and do not have basic skills like using washing machine, refrigerator, basic language and about their rights

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