Role Of Crime Victim

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Interestingly the Indian Legislature and Judiciary have not conceptualised a clear cut definition of who can actually be categorised as a victim of crime. In this regard, reliance can be placed upon the United Nations General Assembly Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice of Victim and Abuse of Power which through Articles 1 & 2 give exhaustive definition of this phase. The role of a victim in criminal proceedings should be perceived as a balancing act since it involves the consideration of various competing parties. In an ideal situation, the role of the victim should not be merely restricted to that of a witness but this does not imply that the prosecution of the case need to totally rest on their hands. The role of the crime victim…show more content…
From an international perspective, 1985 was a very crucial year as this was the period when two groundbreaking documents were issued which gave significant importance for the enhancement of the status of victims. The General Assembly of the United Nations adopted the Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power (Victim’s Declaration). This document, although not a legally binding treaty, sets out the minimum standard for the treatment of crime victims, and has been heralded by some as the Magna Carta of the international victims’ movement. The UN Declaration recognised four major components of the rights of victims of crime-access to justice and fair treatment ; restitution , compensation and…show more content…
The rape and murder case of Priyadarshini Mattoo and its subsequent lengthy trial is a proof of this.Priyadarshini Mattoo was a 23-year old law student who was found raped and murdered at her New Delhi residence on 23rd January, 1996.Prior to this incident, she was repeatedly harassed for two years by the prime accused, Santosh Kumar Singh, who was her senior in college.Even though she had filed a police complaint against him where she specifically mentioned the fact that he was stalking her and had a personal senior officer provided for her safety it did not deter him in any manner.This was due to the fact that he belonged to an affluent family and his father J.P.Singh who was the then Inspector General of Police of the Union Territory of Pondicherry and served as the Joint Commissioner of Police in Delhi during the occurrence of the trial.The case was transferred to the Central Bureau of Investigation(CBI) and in the aftermath of the crime Santosh Singh was arrested due to the evidence against him which included witness testimonies, fingerprint

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