Positive Feedback Literature Review

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positive feedback, either by rewarding or correcting learners’ errors, they will make learners more motivated and help them to learn in a more proficient way. To fit the objectives, we will use two tools, which are the questionnaires and classroom observation. So, we will take into-consideration teachers and learners’ answers alike, examine them and analyze the differences between them for several purposes; if teacher’s positive feedback fits the aim, how to overcome the difficulties and how to correct the learners’ errors or mistakes by receiving positive feedbacks to create a positive atmosphere, motivate learners and help them to be good performers. The dissertation is divided into three chapters: The first chapter tackles the literature…show more content…
Introduction Communication is a task that is done verbally or nonverbally, it needs the presence of both, a speaker and a listener in order to share and exchange information. Many EFL learners try to make much effort to be communicatively competent by the teachers’ help, The following chapter deals with the literature review that comprises first the speaking skill, its importance, its goals and its relation to listening in learning a Foreign Language (FL). Next, competence and performance. Then, the importance of feedback and finally teacher’s feedback during the oral tasks in correcting the learner’s errors. 1.2. Speaking Skill (SS) It is obvious that human beings before writing and reading started to speak for many different purposes in order to communicate with others. Speaking is an action for conveying information, sharing ideas and creating a social relationship greeting each other, expressing feelings and transmitting message orally via a language. The SS seems to be an important skill and the pillar to improve the competence of FL Learners. According to Harmer’s definition, “the ability to speak fluently presupposed not only by knowledge of language features but also the ability to process information and language on the spot” (2001, p. 69). So, that means, the speaker’s mastery of the Target Language (TL) is measured by how well he can use it and not only about the what he knows, in other word, to make that learner seems as a good performer. Speaking seems like the basic skill that language learners should master in parallel with other skills. Speaking process can be verbal when sending and receiving messages, it means using verbal speech and uttering them, or it can be a nonverbal one, that involves nonverbal symbols such as body language, gestures and facial

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