United Nations Security Council

946 Words4 Pages
The United Nation Security Council (UNSC) is the powerful institution in the global governance. It responsibility is to maintain peace and security around different countries. Africa is the continent which has a lot of conflicts but yet still it doesn’t have a permanent membership in Security Council. The issue of a Security Council reform has caused drop rifts and paralysis of strategy. It is argued that the vast majority of countries who are current member states were subjected to colonialism. In 1945 only four countries were members of the United Nations (UN) which was Egypt, Liberia, Ethopia and South Africa. In 1963 the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) called for the expansion of United Nations Security Council. Although, even now have…show more content…
The continent host the numerous United Nations peacekeeping but still they don’t have a permanent membership towards the Security Council and the question ascends to whether African permanent existence in the Security Council is not essential? According to Strydom the pressure to reform United Nations Security Council (UNSC) imitates global strains for a democratic, secure and rules that are based on the international order. This could be witnessed by developing countries for whom the very structure of global governance signifies the cause for a diplomatic liberation struggle. It is argued that the United Nations (UN) membership had increased in 2006 from fifty one to one hundreds and ninety two states of which the most of them are part of the Global South. There is an emergence of powerful G-8 plus five (G-8 plus 5) in the global arena who are not only political leaders in their regions but also has influence in the global level as well and those states are China, South Africa, India, Mexico and…show more content…
There is a huge controversies amongst member states on the issue of United Nations Security Council reform after the consequences of the United States invasion of Iraq which encouraged Kofi Annan to set up, in November 2003, a High Level Panel and Threats, challenges and change. This led to the reform of the UNSC by expanding it from fifteen to twenty four members and this includes the representation of four global regions Africa, Asia, America and Europe This above reform was made to bring Council’s deliberations on those who contributes most to the organisation financially, military and diplomatically. There was a contradiction which was that, veto power of the P-5 not to be extended to new permanent members. Annan suggested that it would be difficult for making judgements in the organisation rather they suggested that P-5 must use veto in order to be accountable in the

More about United Nations Security Council

Open Document