Humanitarian Intervention In The Iraq War

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INTRODUCTION : The Iraq war also known as the second gulf war began on March 20,2003 led by the united states of America against the Ba'ath party of Saddam Hussein. It launched an invasion against Iraq under the leadership of President George W. Bush without declaring war. The invasion led to defeat of Iraqi army and subsequent occupation of Iraq by overthrowing Saddam Hussein. Later he was captured and executed. The United states occupied Iraq and wanted to establish a new stable and a democratic government. The Iraq war also involved the "war on terror" or "Global War On Terrorism" in response to the attacks of september11,2001. The rationale behind attacking Iraq according to Bush administration was that firstly Saddam Hussein possessed…show more content…
It is the exercise of public authority in a state without the consent of that state. "Humanitarian Intervention" refers to the use of force by one state or group of states on the other state without the consent of latter on humanitarian grounds when human rights are violated. Before the emergence of the United Nations, any nation could arbitrarily intervene into another state .Most interventions were justified in terms of the intervening state's obligation through a formal alliance or national security rather than humanitarian reasons. Since the foundation of the UN Charter in 1945, humanitarian intervention has become statutory through the authority of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC). The meaning of intervention is different from war and conquest as intervention is only influencing in internal affairs of the state which is only for short period. It does not involve taking over the state or defeating through conflicts hence it is different from conquest or war. Humanitarian intervention is often based on military attacks. Most of the interventions are not purely humanitarian oriented but based on national interest. The foreign policy of each nation is formulated on the basis of its national interest and works for securing its goals. A state always tries to justify its actions on the basis of its national interest. The behavior of a…show more content…
The case study on Rwanda genocide will explore the negative effects of humanitarian intervention by United Nation. The Rwanda genocide was an ethnic conflict between two groups namely the Hutu and Tutsi. Rwanda was a small country in Africa. In 1990 the rwanda patriotic front (RPF) an army which consisted mostly of Tutsi rwandans and moderate hutus attacked rwanda from uganda. Arusha peace agreement was made to stop this conflict between RPF and hutu government. Security Council resolution 872, passed on 5 October 1993, established the United Nations Mission Assistance for Rwanda (UNAMIR) ,a peace keeping force which was formed to help in implementing arusha agreement. Peace keeping force is the most effective tool to assist the countries in the process of peace. The main objective of the peace keepers is to establish peace in the conflicted area. The genocide began on 1994 where an airplane carrying the hutu president juvenal habyarimana was shot down which was done by the Hutu extremist themselves. They targeted not only tutsi but also hutu moderates and other professionals who criticise or opposition members. The peace keeping force received numerous information even before the genocide began and one among them was identification of weapons but United nation did not take any step as raiding weapons violated arusha agreement. Despite

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