Second Language Acquisition Essay

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Nowadays, more and more people start to learn a second language either to enhance their competitions or to know about others’ cultures. The process of acquiring a second language is quite different from the way one forms his or her first language. Due to individual differences, it is hard to conclude how long one should spend on acquiring a second language. However, no matter how fast or slow one’s learning pace is, he or she must go through five stages to become a “near-native” speaker or writer. In Julie Haynes’s article “Stages of Second Language Acquisition”, she points out five major learning stages that ESL (English as a Second Language) students will undergo. Haynes claims that new language learners firstly will not produce the target language and “repetition” at that time will stimulate their language learning. She argues that students are able to not only produce “one- or two-word phrases” but also know some word collocations ether in a wrong or correct way in the next period. In the “Speech Emergence”…show more content…
For example, the first step Haynes mentions in her article is full of repetition. This is very similar to Nelson Brooks and Robert Lado’s theories about behaviorism explaining Second Language Acquisition. They put forward that mimicry and memorization is very important to second language acquisition in their book. And the reason why student will “translate written assignments from native language” is because first language will interfere with second language acquisition either in a negative or a positive way. And the “intermediate fluency” period the author points out is very similar to “interlanguage” which is mentioned in our textbook. I also find out that the author prefers to use a “field dependent” way to teach students because she offers many integrated activities such as using flashcards, Q & A interactions and so

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