First And Second Language Acquisition Essay

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1.0 Introduction First language acquisition (FLA) is defined as the acquisition of a single language in childhood, regardless of the number of languages in a child’s natural environment. Second language acquisition (SLA) is the language learned after the first language (L1) where the language is used widely in the speech community. According to Houmanfar, Hayes, and Herbst (2005), the first and second languages are interrelated and the history of the first language is a participatory factor in the acquisition of the second language (L2) and its maintenance. The Contrastive Analysis Hypothesis indicates that the structure and shape of the L1 of an individual are different from those the L2 that could create errors in speaking, reading and writing (Dulay et al., 1982). Similarities and differences between L1 and L2 acquisition will be outlined in terms of various theories. 2.0 Similarities between First and Second Language Acquisition…show more content…
This information can help the teacher in designing classroom activities, designing the syllabus, choosing an appropriate method, understanding the learning processes of his/her students, and guiding his/her students in the language learning process. Language teachers are the main source of input in the classroom. To increase students’ language proficiency, teacher can provide the samples of some frequently used phrases. Since inhibitions can prevent comprehensible input to be absorbed by students, teacher must builds up trust and understanding between himself/herself and their students. Pair works, information gap activities and classroom discussions can help students free from inhibitions. In addition, language teacher cannot base their teaching merely on any single theory within the framework of FLA or SLA because every explanation should be considered in interactions with

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