Role Of Information Communication Technology In Education

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Information, Communication and Technology: An Inclusive Educational Perspective for the Empowerment of Children with Special Needs Author: Mintu Bhattacharya, Assistant Professor, Department of Disabilities Studies Gauhati University E-mail: Abstract Information Communication Technology (ICT) plays an important role in our lives as it enhances the competence level. The new information and communications technologies are among the driving forces of globalization. They are bringing people together, and bringing decision-makers unprecedented new tools for development. The recent advancements that have positively affected the lives of each category of children with disabilities with the advent of information and communication…show more content…
Children with Special Needs in various countries face particular difficulties in accessing the most fundamental forms of education. They face the lowest levels of access to education of any group of students. Of the 75 million children of primary school age worldwide who are out of school, one third are children with disabilities. Information and communication technologies (ICTs), and in particular assistive technologies (ATs), can provide students with disabilities access to traditionally inaccessible educational content through electronic and online learning channels. Connected schools, with the right of ATs, can provide children with disabilities unprecedented access to…show more content…
Similarly, the World Health Organization’s (WHO) definition of disability, which is contained within its International Classification of Functioning (ICF), Disability and Health, known as ICF, borrows from this social model. It conceptualizes disability as "a dynamic interaction between health conditions (diseases, disorders, injuries, traumas, etc) and contextual factors." The ICF model has two components: the first looks at the issues of functioning and disability (the individual’s body functions and structures), while the second part looks at the environment and context in which the person lives and how these factors impact on the individual’s participation in society. It points to a dynamic interaction between health conditions (diseases, disorders, injuries, traumas, etc) and contextual factors. The ICF moves away from the so-called “medial model” notion of an assumed "norm" of human ability and firmly embraces the notion of society as an active agent in the quality of life of the

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