Refugees In Global Refugees

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As mentioned in the chapters before, defining terms related to migration in a global manner is very challenging. Since the Geneva Convention on Refugee came into force in 1950, different categories of refugees developed to implement a sort of set of definition which was supposed to make it easier to identify refugees who need international protection. They differ in terms of legal and social position. Following are the most common categories of international migrants listed. After the Geneva Convention on Refugees, people defined as refugees are called convention refugees. These are all people who “owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political…show more content…
These are people who do not fall under the term refugee defined by the Geneva Convention on Refugees. De-facto refugees, same as humanitarian refugees, refuse to return to their home countries because of the political situation, ethnic or religious affiliation or out of other reasons which make them feel in danger in their country of origin. The difference to humanitarian refugees is that de-facto refugees, out of different reasons, cannot or are not willing to apply for asylum in the host country. One reason could be that the person has no identification document which will exclude him from asylum (Kleinsorge, 1995, p.…show more content…
It also includes migrants who entered the host country lawfully but overstayed her or his visa and therefore lacks a legal status. Usually, irregular migrants are moving from low-income countries to high-income countries to seek employment. (Castles, 2000) No matter what definition is used by different nations, almost all affected countries distinguish between forced and voluntary migration. Forced migration in a broader sense includes not only refugees and asylum seekers but also people forced to move due to external factors, such as environmental catastrophes or development projects. This form of migration has similar characteristics to displacement. (“Migrant | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization,” n.d.) According to Klaus J. Bades, common terms such as “immigrant”, “emigrant”, “Expatriat”, “migrant laborer”, “economic migrant”, “Refugee” and “asylum seeker” together with their adjudicated identity are terms defined by public interests. Therefore these terms have little ties with the “usually multiple migrational identity” and can be therefore not generally be defined and is the result of policies as well as political and economic goals of the affected country (Bade, 2002, p.

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