Refugee Literature Review

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The purpose of this literature review is to have an in-depth understanding of the issues facing the European countries with respect to the asylum claims by refugees. By establishing clarity on the challenges being experienced by the refugees as well as the European countries, a justification for an urgent need of action by the governments and international organizations is given emphasis. During these times when the world is experiencing threats from armed minorities, Islamic extremists, and even discriminating regimes, the influx of refugees becomes inevitable. Since the 1940s, the migration crisis that had enveloped Europe and much of the Middle East is one of today’s worst humanitarian crisis. War and ethnic, tribal and religious violence…show more content…
An asylum is the protection and material assistance given, accompanied by the right to be recognized as a refugee by a nation. If an asylum seeker failed to demonstrate that his or her fear of persecution in his or her home country is well-founded, no asylum will be given. Under the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ mandate, the global number of refugees has reached 65 million, the highest number in nearly two decades. Nonetheless, a significant proportion of that number of refugees still remains in their regions of origin. The 1970 UN Friendly Relations Declaration affirms that: States have a duty to cooperate with each other, irrespective of the differences in their political, economic and social system. States have the primary obligation to protect their citizens against harm, but when they are incapable or merely unwilling to do so, the responsibility to protect boils down to the international…show more content…
In Bulgaria, it is stipulated in their policy for the treatment and integration of humanitarian migrants to have access to one of the basic needs, housing. The accommodation of asylum-seekers to a great extent is related to the line of their status application process. Refugee Status Determination procedure in Bulgaria, as well as other the rights, privileges, and obligations of foreigners who are seeking, and those who have been granted protection is being facilitated by The Law for Asylum and Refugees (LAR). To top it all, the most tormenting issue is the escalating support for racist and nationalist movements, and the founding of xenephobic culture. European Union (EU) committed some inadequacy of providing EU asylum and laws pertaining to immigration. Unfortunately, extremist parties in European countries focused on migration discourse, rather than in the fulfillment of respect to human rights, in granting asylum, as well as in migration. The media, who is believed to embark on issues about racism and discrimination, and the liberal discourse in favor of migration, seems to be in its silent

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