Prevention Of Marine Pollution

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Several Initiatives at the international level have been undertaken to reduce marine pollution but most have either not been implemented or failed altogether. The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution of the Sea by Oil 1954 It was the first attempt to prevent pollution of the sea by oil tankers. It prohibited the discharge of oil or oil mixture by tankers within prohibited zones from the coastline. This Convention was superseded by the 1973/78 MARPOL Convention. The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) 1978 and 1997 The prevention of marine pollution from ships in all its manifestations is one of the main concerns of the International Maritime Organization. This convention monitors…show more content…
” The Geneva Convention on the High Seas 1958 Article 24 and 25 of the Convention emphasizes on prevention of marine pollution. The countries are under an obligation to cooperate with the competent international organisations in taking measures to reduce and prevent pollution. Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka are parties to this Convention. The International Convention Relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties, 1969 It is a multilateral treaty empowering the coastal states to take measures beyond the limits of their territorial sea in the event of maritime casualty involving oil pollution from ships which may lead to major harmful effects. In 1973 protocol the Convention was extended to substances other than oil. India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka are parties to Convention and Pakistan is party to both the Protocol and the Convention. Protocol to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping Of Wastes and Other Matter…show more content…
It provides a regulation and method to be followed by a legal regime, to establish the obligations, responsibilities, and powers of States in matters of marine environmental protection. States according to this convention are bound to prevent and control marine pollution and must keep a contingency plan ready to rectify damage caused and monetary penalties to states violating the mentioned international obligations of reducing and preventing such pollution. Being a framework Convention, all other global Conventions covering specific areas, for example, International Maritime Organisation (IMO) and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Conventions, are generally read subject to this 1982

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