Phonics Instruction

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After taking this course and learning about topics of reading. I have to say learning about phonics instruction has been very useful particularly with my many ELL student populations. I learned after reflecting on my lessons that I was perfectly acceptable for me to teach my students these concepts even in middle school. In the begging of the year I was very hesitant to go back to the basics with my students. Phonics instruction is a way of teaching reading that stresses the acquisition of letter-sound correspondences and their use in reading and spelling (Gambrell, 2014). Because of meta-analysis of the research indicates that explicit, systematic phonics instruction (letter-sound relationships taught directly in a well-defined sequence) is significantly more effective than nonsystematic or no phonics instruction with children of different ages, abilities and socio-economic status backgrounds. The primary focus of phonics instruction is to help beginning readers understand how letters are linked to sounds…show more content…
Vocabulary is the ability to understand and use words to acquire and convey meaning. Learning, as a language based activity, is fundamentally and profoundly dependent on vocabulary knowledge. Learners must have access to the meanings of words that teachers, or other adults, books, films, use to guide them into contemplating known concepts in novel ways. Children learn the meanings of most words indirectly. They do so by engaging daily in oral language, listening to adults read to them, and reading extensively on their own (Gambrell, 2014) Vocabulary words should be words the learner will encounter in many contexts because students learn new words better when they encounter them often (Armbruster et al, 2001). Using this information I was able to incorporate more active learning centers for word applications and my students seem to be making better connections with

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