Obesity In Canada

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Introduction Canada is one of the world's most developed countries. It is a political and economic power with one of the highest standards of living of any nation. Solid economic growth, a stable political atmosphere and a well-educated and skilled labour force contribute to a positive business and trade environment for both small and large companies in many sectors, including food. It is the second largest country in the world, covering nearly 10 million square kilometres, but with approximately 33.9 million people (Statistics Canada, 2009), it ranks as only 36th in terms of population (Central Intelligence Agency, 2009). The resulting lower concentration of population has created strong regional variations in most health, cultural, consumer…show more content…
Significant concerns related to aging, an inactive lifestyle, and poor eating habits, remain. Food products that target specific health concerns, have usually higher nutritional quality, or are developed and packaged to meet the mobile needs of these consumers, may triumph. The relationship of food to health has gained importance in many debates, with the topic of obesity dominating the deliberations. In 2008, 51% of Canadian adults reported excess weight and between 2003 and 2008, obesity rates rose from 16% to 18% among men, and 15% to 16% among women. Obesity is an important health issue among First Nation, Inuit and Métis populations. Chronic disease is a major issue. Cardiovascular disease and cancer are the foremost causes of death for Canadians. Residents of rural areas are more likely to be obese than urban residents. 58% of rural residents are overweight or obese, compared with 50% of urban Canadians. Total health spending accounted for 10.1% of GDP in 2007. From 2000 to 2007, per-capita health spending improved by an average of 3.5%, a real growth rate similar to the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) average of 3.7% per year (OECD,…show more content…
In the 1960s, food represented the largest proportion of household expenditure, accounting for 18.7% of total spending. However, this proportion has weakened continually to just over 10% of total spending. On average, households in developed economies have high standards of living and allocate a relatively small percentage of their personal disposable income to food. Corresponding with the statistics published by the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), in 2007, Canadian households allocated 9% of their total household expenditures to food and non-alcoholic beverages, compared to 7% in the U.S., 11% in Germany and Australia, and 14% in Japan. Food, beverage and tobacco (FBT) expenditures represent the second largest consumer goods expenditure category after transportation and communications. In 2008, Canadians spent $111 billion (or 26.8% of their total personal expenditures on consumer goods) on food beverage and tobacco products purchased from

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