Nutrition Intake Case Study

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Question 1: What is the purpose of the dietary reference intakes recommendations? (pages 34-56, figures 2.3-2.11) A. Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs): A system of nutrition recommendations from the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies United States. i) Used for diet assessment and planning ii) Tells you how much of each nutrient you need, but they don’t help choose foods that you will need to meet these needs. B. Recommendations for nutrient intake: Four sets of values i) EARs: intake that meets the estimated nutrient need of 50% of individuals in a group (1) Used to assess the abundance of a populations food supply or typical nutrient intake. (2) Not appropriate for evaluating an individual’s intake. ii) RDAs: the intake that meets the nutrient need of almost all 97 to 98 percent individuals in that group. (1) Value used in guiding individuals to achieve adequate nutrient intake (2) Applies to vitamins and minerals from food and supplements (3)…show more content…
Building healthy eating patterns i) Follow food safety recommendations when preparing and eating foods to reduce risk of food borne illness ii) Choose foods that meet nutrient needs at an appropriate calorie level I. Figure 2.6 Healthy Weight and exercise recommendations i) Dietary guidelines suggest most Americans eat more calories than needed. Calorie balance would be achieved by decrease in calorie intake and increase physical activity gradually. J. Figure 2.8 The Healthy Eating Plate i) Healthy Eating Plate makes it known that a healthy diet is based on whole grains, fruits, vegetables, healthy protein sources, and oils. Limit red meats, refined grains, and dairy and avoiding sugary soft drinks, trans fat, and processed meats. K. Empty Calorie Allowance i) Many foods are high in empty calories ii) Foods that belong in a food group but contain added sugars and solid fats iii) Some foods don’t belong in a food group because all their calories are empty iv) Calories derived from food containing absolutely no

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