Leptospirosis Case Study

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Related Literature Foreign Leptospirosis is one of the neglected tropical disease in Asia and in the world. It is prevalent on slum areas in which stagnant water exist due to poor water drainage system. Due to its association with flooding, it is believed to be one of the most important cause of acute febrile illness during monsoon and post-monsoon season. Outbreaks often occur during these season and farmers, fisherman, sewage and sanitary workers are high risk occupations. (Lobo, 2011) Humans that are affected by the disease can show a wide range of symptoms that could be mistaken to other disease. There is also a chance that an infected individual shows no symptoms at all. (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013) Because of the…show more content…
The patient did not react to antibiotics and his multi-organ failure worsened. His workup did not show any significant findings except for a positive nasopharyngeal swab result for influenza A. Later the patient developed more failure in his body. His status somewhat improved after he was started on steroids. Eventually, a microagglutination test confirmed the presence of antibodies against Leptospira icterohaemorrhagiae. The patient successively recovered after a course of circulatory…show more content…
Leptospirosis is an endemic zoonosis in the Philippines with an average of 680 leptospirosis cases and 40 deaths from the disease reported every year and a prevalence of 10/100,000. It is seasonal with a peak incidence during the rainy months of July to October. It is anticipated that leptospirosis will continue to re-emerge in the country as a result of rapid urbanization, deforestation, poor sanitation and increased incidence of typhoons brought about by climate changes. Disease acquisition can be possible to all mammals, although there are some species in which they have become more vulnerable. Leptospirosis has been commonly identified to livestock animals such as swine, cattle, horses and dogs. Pets are rarely infected by leptospirosis, but risks are higher when they came in contact with contaminated water and infected

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