Food And Agriculture In International Relations

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Rationale The academic community of International Relations (IR) has been focused on issues like sovereignty, security, state behavior, balance of power and others in their study of the international system and international relations. A historical context should be considered that IR theories which are state-centric and whose concerns were previously mentioned were established during the period when wars dominated the international stage. In this day and age, there are various global issues and challenges being faced by all states and one of these is a serious threat to human security- food insecurity. Food and agriculture, in many ways, has played various roles in the affairs of states and their relationships with one another. States…show more content…
Finally, a conclusion will be summarizing and emphasizing the point that under an anarchical system, states do not fully cooperate with one another even with international institutions’ norms and…show more content…
Currently, states are challenged with new issues in providing food for its people. Food provision and food itself has a complex value chain from inputs to consumers’ tables faced with numerous challenges that lead to devastating effects in food security. Food security is a wide-ranging concept and a lot of definitions have been established in the past to incorporate different dimensions and changing issues related to it. Food security, as presented in The State of Food Insecurity dated 2001, is defined as follows: “Food security [is] a situation that exists when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.” According to the World Bank, the world’s population will be around 9 billion in 2050 and current food production must increase at least 70% in order to ensure that there will be food for everyone. On the other hand, realities like depletion and pollution of natural resources and climate change could decrease food production by more than 25%. States therefore have the responsibility to come up with strategies and policies to ensure the access and availability of food and one of this is international

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