Essay On Heart Failure

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1.1 Introduction: Congestive heart failure, also called CHF or heart failure.1 It is a serious and complex disease in which the heart muscle has been damaged. CHF means that the working power of heart is weaker than normal; it does not mean that the heart has stopped working. Heart failure is a condition in which the heart cannot pump enough blood to the body's tissues. Although the heart continues to beat, but the enough oxygen-rich blood is not supply to and from the body due to the damaged heart muscle, which results into serious congestion in the lungs and other tissues of the body. 2 Figure 1: Description of Congestive heart failure with detail mechanism. Blood moves at a slower rate through the heart and body, in heart failure and pressure…show more content…
Genetic factors play an important role in several types of cardiomyopathy, such as dilated cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, left ventricular noncompaction and restrictive cardiomyopathy. 1.3.4 Conditions that overwork the heart: Conditions including high blood pressure, valve disease, thyroid disease, kidney disease, diabetes, or heart defects present at birth can all cause heart failure. In addition, heart failure can occur when several diseases or conditions are present at once.8 When blood pressure is higher than normal (greater than 120/80 mm Hg), it may lead to CHF. High blood pressure occurs when blood vessels become restricted by deposits of cholesterol and fat or because of age, making it harder for blood to pass through them. 1.3.5 Valve Conditions: Heart valves regulate blood flow through the heart by opening and closing to let blood in and out of the chambers. Valves that do not open and close correctly may force your ventricles to work harder to pump blood.9 1.3.6 Myocarditis: Myocarditis is an inflammation of the heart muscle. It's most commonly caused by a virus and can lead to left-sided heart
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