Dimensions Of Public Space

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The first dimension we will concentrate on is the morphological dimension which relates to the physical attributes of the public space which can include different aspects such as: the types of the public spaces, the form of the public space, what's the different functions we can find within public space, what's the proper size for the square, and what's the form of intersection between streets and square. Types of public space According to Moughtin (2003), he has divided the public spaces to two main types, - the streets which can include different forms like: paths, roads, and alleys or the squares which can include: squares, plazas, and so on. Squares are considered to be the most important elements in the city. They are used…show more content…
The quality of the square is measured by the extent of opportunities which provided by the square for social interactions to take place. Squares also help in providing a space for different activities to happen. According to J. B. Jackson (1985) that the squares are a public area attracts people to gather and enjoy. Kevin Lynch has argued that the squares or the plazas are generally the active area in the city defined by the buildings and streets. The square or the plaza is not a place to pass through by the car but it's a place to sit, relax, watch and eat (Cooper, M.C, Francis, C, 1998) . Zucker, (1959), has argued that there are a significant relation between the open area (the square), the building which surrounded this area, and the sky which lay above all of…show more content…
Oktay, (2002) has mentioned that the squares are the place where anyone can gather and celebrate. Nasim Iranmanesh, (2008) has argued that squares are not just for the daily activities but also for meeting during holidays and celebration's seasons. Abidin, Usman, Tahir, & Yap, (2010) have claimed that different temporary activities may be happen within the public squares such as celebrations, political activities, festivals, and any other social events. The activities that could happen within the public squares differ by the nature and purpose of that activity . Form of public squares There have been numerous efforts carried out by many authors to clarify the form of the squares. Sitte (1889), Paul Zucker (1959) and Rob Krier (1979), they are the most important authors who have talked about this topic. Sitte (1889) has created the 'picturesque' approach. He argued that main concept in his approach not to be a standard form but to understand the relation between the square and the surrounded area (Moughtin, 2003) . According to Moughtin, (2003), sitte has put some artistic principles from analyzing the aesthetic character of different squares in the European. These principles

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