Dependent Variable: Employee Motivation

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Dependent Variable: Employee Motivation Work motivation is defined as a set of energetic forces that originate both from within and beyond the individual’s being leading to work-related behaviour in terms of determining the form, direction, and intensity of this behaviour (Pinder, 1998) Work motivation was well-researched in content based-theories of motivation through the works of Maslow’s satisfaction of security, affiliate, and recognition needs, and Herzberg’s nature of work and pay, as well as McClelland’s collegiality and autonomy. This conceptual understanding of work motivation later gave rise to the job characteristic model (Hackman & Oldham, 1976). The Process based-theories of work motivation gained prominence in the 1960’s. These…show more content…
It means evaluating employee's performance against the elements and standards assigned according to procedures included in the organization’s appraisal program. It is based on work performed during an entire appraisal period. An effective appraisal system evaluates accomplishments and initiates plans for development, goals, and objectives Certain job related trainings must be conducted. Training is the process of enhancing the skills, capabilities and knowledge of employees for doing particular job. Training process moulds the thinking of an employees and leads to quality performance of employees .It is continues and never ending process .Training is crucial for organization development and success. It is fruitful to both employers and employees of an organization. An employee will become more efficient and productive if he trained well (Uma S.N 2013). The term “career” can therefore be defined as the sequence of interaction of individuals with society, education and organisations throughout their lifespan. It is necessary, however, to emphasise that the majority of the responsibility now rests on the individual for their own career progression, which requires sustained employability (Beukes, 2009; Herr et al., 2004). Occupational health and…show more content…
Attention has been given to the study of organizational communication in organizational behaviour research as a result of the significance of this variable to organizational effectiveness. For instance, it has been found that effective communication improves job satisfaction (Holtzhausen, 2002) and which in turn improves productivity Research has also shown that communication improves employee job performance (Goris, 2007), while poor communication results to low employee commitment to the organization (Kramer, 1999). Communication is a process that contains expressing, listening and understanding (Banerji and Dayal, 2005). Price (1997) defined organizational communication as the degree to which information about the job is transmitted by an organization to its members and among members of the organization. According to Ince and Gül (2001) communication is the exchange of ideas, emotions and opinions through words, letters and symbols among two or more

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