Child Maltreatment Theory

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Child Maltreatment is unfortunately a very emotional crime to report on and is a prevalent crime in which many are victimizing. When comparing to this to other crimes, the victims typically have a chance to defend themselves, however with children, this is not the case. Child Maltreatment is discussed with government involvement and victim statistics. Two criminal theories of cause are discussed to seek possible causes of offenders to choose to commit the crime of child maltreatment. Finally, theoretical explanations of crime is discussed, with examples of how the theories could explain certain crimes, and the strength and weaknesses of each theory. Overview of Child Maltreatment. “All 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the U.S.…show more content…
Federal legislation provides a foundation for states by identifying a set of acts or behaviors that define child abuse and neglect. The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA), (42 U.S.C. §5101), as amended by the CAPTA Reauthorization Act of 2010, retained the existing definition of child abuse and neglect as, at a minimum: Any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation; or an act or failure to act, which presents an imminent risk of serious harm” (Heisler, 2013, p…show more content…
Their services include providing help to the victimized children along with their families. When children cannot live safely in their current home, CPS will provide Foster Care. Follow-through will include placing them into adoptive homes and assist with their transition to adulthood. “During FFY 2013, CPS agencies received an estimated 3.5 million referrals involving approximately 6.4 million children. Among the 47 states that reported both screened-in and screened-out referrals, 60.9 percent of referrals were screened in and 39.1 percent were screened out. For FFY 2013, 2.1 million referrals were screened in. The national rate of screened-in referrals (reports) was 28.3 per 1,000 children in the national population.” (Heisler, 2013, p. ix). Victim Statistics. When analyzing the referrals to Child Protective Services, some data reveals when the most likely time in a child’s life they will be victimized. “Victims in their first year of life had the highest rate of victimization at 23.1 per 1,000 children of the same age in the national population.” (Heisler, 2013, p. ix). An interesting statistic in itself, in my opinion, could be evaluated why there is a significant difference in percentages. “The majority of victims consisted of three races or ethnicities—White (44.0%), Hispanic (22.4%), and African-American (21.2%)” (Heisler, 2013, p.

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