Population Growth In China

1439 Words6 Pages
The population growth is an important issue that influences the survival and development of the Chinese continent. By choosing to put into action family control, the Chinese government allowed many families to experience a demographic growth and improvements in their life quality. The potential future of its modernization is tied together by the economic-social development. Indeed, the government wished to create a much more powerful version of China by starting with some changes in the structure’s central core: the family. In the early years following its birth, the People's Republic of China, or the PRC, underwent the influence of the Soviet Union and, as the latter saw in the many families, the strength of the country. Talking about controlling…show more content…
The horrors of the Cultural Revolution not only destroyed the social order, but also undermined the legitimacy of the Party. For this reason, with Deng Xiaoping, a new leader in power, the Party sought to restore order and found shelter in science that was seen as the solution capable of turning China into a modern country and ensuring rapid development. The demographic policy of the "wan, xi, shao", which until then had brought about great results, was found, due to the lack of data, inadequate and too "ideological". These were the reasons that, together with the growing population, pushed leaders to abandon this policy. However, this policy served to lay the foundations for the single child policy: demographically, lowering the fertility rate and population growth; Institutionally, creating a governmental and political network for birth control; Politically, making the population an integral part of political action; Culturally, introducing a new reproductive behavior into the mentality of the people. Thanks to the contribution in the field of technology, scientists were able to provide answers to the demographic problems created by the Maoist era. Deng Xiaoping adopted modern science as the foundation of its political line, abandoning the ideology underlying Maoist Marxism. With the adoption of this new vision, leader Deng Xiaoping set the scientific basis for a new…show more content…
Moreover, for many families, having a single child meant to renounce the possibility of having male heirs, a sacrifice considered unacceptable especially for families belonging to those social realities where male children are still considered the only ones able to guarantee family continuity: Once daughters, female daughters leave the home where they grew up to become part of her husband's family, so female parents will have no one to care for when they are no longer self-reliant. For this reason, a female daughter in rural areas represented only a loss. In these areas, since the beginning of the 1980s, the desire to have a male child and the risk of frustrating this expectation increased the pressures that spouses and relatives exercised voluntarily or involuntarily against future mothers, and that in many cases , Turned into maltreatment and physical and psychological violence after the birth of a female daughter. Girls who were born did not receive better treatment than mothers. With the restriction to one child, the consequence was a strong "selection" at the birth often practiced by the same families. These facts led political leaders to reunite and discuss possible policy relaxation. Liang was asked for support, a strong supporter of a less severe

More about Population Growth In China

Open Document