Characteristics Of Authentic Leadership

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Although the conceptualizations of authentic leadership can be found many years ago in the literature, the authentic leadership theory is newly emerging and developing from multiple areas of leadership research, positive organization behavior and ethics (Avolio & Gardner, 2005; Northouse, 2013; Walumbwa et al., 2008). The demand for authentic and more accountable leaders may be due to the failure of the banking industry, corporate scandals (i.e. Enron and WorldCom) (Northouse, 2013) and ethical meltdown to terrorism and the epidemic of Serious diseases (Avolio & Gardner, 2005). Scholars argue that after all ongoing unethical corporate scandals and failure of leaders to meet people expectations, authentic leadership has emerged as a potential…show more content…
(Luthans & Avolio, 2003) defined authentic leadership as a process that draws from both positive psychological capacities and a well-structured organizational context, which results in both greater self-awareness and self-regulated positive behaviors on the part of leaders and followers, fostering positive…show more content…
He defined psychological empowerment as a psychological state that comprises of four main dimensions: meaning; competence; self-determination; and impact (Meyerson & Kline, 2008; Spreitzer, 1995). Meaning is defined as congruence between job requirements at workplace and employee’s beliefs, values and behaviors. Competence is defined as the employees’ self-belief in one’s capability and skills to successfully achieve certain task at work. Self-determination is defined as employees’ sense of autonomy and control over one’s decisions at work. Finally, impact is defined as employees’ perception that their achievements can affect and impact work outcomes. Psychological empowerment has been linked to wide range of positive organizations behaviors and outcomes, such as job satisfaction, job commitment, performance and customer satisfaction (Huq, 2015; Jaiswal & Dhar, 2016; Mathieu et al., 2006). Employees who feel more empowered at their work, would be more satisfied, productive and effective comparing to those with less psychological empowerment (Meyerson & Kline, 2008; TAŞTAN, 2014). The Relationship between Authentic Leadership and Psychological

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