Causes Of Boko Haram

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Terrorism is the systematic use of violence to create a general climate of fear in a population and thereby to bring about a particular political objective. The main terrorist group that has been a serious threat to education in the north-east region of Nigeria is the Boko Haram terrorist group. It has been described as one of the deadliest, extremist armed groups in the world. The already existing low level of education and literacy in north-east Nigeria have been aggravated by the Boko Haram terrorist group. Over the years education has been under attack in the region, most violent activities apart from being religious are aimed at students, teachers, unions, schools and government officials. Boko Haram also known as al-Wilaya al-Islamiyya…show more content…
Borno, Yobe and Adamawa have been mostly affected by Boko Haram. They have also been active in Chad, Niger and northern Cameroon but its primary base is Nigeria. It was established by Mohammed Yusufu in 2002. He was described as a young charismatic cleric searching for a purer form of Islam. He established a movement known as Yusufiya in Maiduguri, Borno state. Not too long after, the stance against formal education became widespread in the north-east. They were initially known as Nigerian Taliban by local people and became popularly known as “Boko Haram”. Its teachings lured many people in the north-east, its membership included students, school drop-outs, unemployed youths, politicians, wealthy businessmen and government officials.” Boko Haram has gained so much support because their ideology combines two source of contention: the…show more content…
The group obliges its members who have been formally educated to destroy their school certificates to signify their rejection of western education. The rate of poverty in the north-east is one of the reasons why Boko Haram has been able to recruit so many members. Membership to the Boko Haram meant an exchange for financial reward, a teenage boy in May, 2013 said he helped Boko Haram burn schools because he was paid the equivalent of $25. In 2012 and 2013 when military operations against Boko Haram was intensified they began attacking less defended areas in southern Borno, like Sambisa forest, Gwoza, Damboa and Bama. From these areas they recruited young men and boys to replenish their ranks. On March 22, 2013, the insurgents recruited up to 13 students of Army’s Children School, Monguno, Borno state. Boko Haram has also in many cases used schools for various purposes such as using them as a place to harbour stolen goods, to detain captives and to store and manufacture

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