Blood Pressure Case Study

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CHAPTER ONE 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The heart is a hollow muscular organ in human and animals, which pumps blood through the blood vessels of the circulatory system, it is about the size of a fist located just behind and slightly left of the breastbone. Increasing and constant resistance in the pressure this is known as hypertension. Hypertension is also known as High Blood Pressure, it usually does not cause symptoms, although persistent high blood pressure is a major risk for stroke, heart failure, chronic kidney disease, and coronary artery disease. High Blood Pressure is classified into two as primary or essential and secondary or non-essential high blood pressure. About 90-95% of HBP cases arte primary which is defined as HBP due to non-specific lifestyle and genetic factors. Factors that increase the risk include obesity, smoking, alcohol and…show more content…
Blood Pressure is considered high when the reading is at 190/90mmhg or above after constant measurement. To some people the word hypertension means excessive tension, stress symptoms. It is therefore referred to as the silent killer. Hypertension is usually asymptomatic and it can only be diagnosed through regular Blood Pressure checks or when visiting the clinic for other health condition. According to Merck manual, More than 50million Americans are estimated to have high blood pressure though higher in blacks than whites, about 32% in blacks compared to 23% of whites and 23% Mexican Americans. High blood pressure is higher in older about ¾ of women and almost 2/3 two third of men aged 75 or older compare with only about one fourteen of people aged 20 to 75. It is also more common among obese people than those who are

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