Bilateral Relations In International Relations

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CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION I.1 Background of the Study Building a bilateral relation with another state always becomes very needed and important to a state to enhance its foreign relations. It also applies to Indonesia as one of the most populous countries in the world with the third largest democracy in the world. As one of the example, the bilateral relation between Indonesia and Australia. Indonesia has been shared a strong bilateral relation with Australia since a very long time ago. Indonesia and Australia have a relationship that is interesting to be reviewed, because they have a lot of differences instead of they have known as neighbor countries. These differences could be in the sector of politics, religions, culture, history, and many…show more content…
These phenomena can be seen as the shifting trends in the international politics, and we also cannot deny the important roles of non-state actors in doing diplomacy in the international politics. Sub-nation or regional governments – including provinces, districts, and cities – can also be included as non-state actors, where they can transform diplomatic activities and doing a policy decision making process. The sub-nation governments also play important roles in international relations, which they perform really active in some different ways including doing trade and cultural missions abroad, signing agreements and treaties with other non-state actors and foreign states, participating in international networks of the regional cooperation and more (Kuznetsov, 2015, p. 3). These phenomena of sub-nation or regional governments as non-state actors can be called as Paradiplomacy. As mentioned by Rodrigo Tavares, nowadays the states and cities are the new international actors and the sub-nation entities can be seen as a space where the capital, people, goods, services, and information crisscross and solidify (Tavares, 2016, p. 3). Tavares also stated that nowadays some mayors and governors have exercising economic and political power at their level because they are aware of…show more content…
3 of 2008, Chapter 3 Article 1) Based on the regulations above we can summarize that the cooperation between regional governments and foreign parties could be conducted if the cooperation is based on the interest of providing the best services to the people, the cooperation process must be consulted and agreed by the Ministry of Domestic Affairs and Ministry of Foreign Affairs, should prioritize the national and regional interests, and the last but not least there have to be the existence of transfer of knowledge or technology. Back to the case of the bilateral relation of Indonesia and Australia, we can found that some sub-nation or regional governments of Indonesia have tied a Sister Province Relations with some of sub-states of Australia, and this thesis would like to analyze the Sister Province relationship between East Java and Western Australia. The Sister Province relationship between East Java and Western Australia until now has been running for 27 years, which this agreement was originally signed in 21 August 1990 (Davis,

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