the Andaman Sea to the South China Sea in Southeast Asia. Straddling the sea route between the Indonesian island of Sumatra and Malaysia to the east and between Riau Archipelago and Singapore to the south, the Straits of Malacca are known globally for their economic, political, environmental, and strategic importance. Not only this, even the Straits link the Indian Ocean to some of Asia’s most powerful economies, as well as many other trading countries, like the United States, Germany, and Russia
3.2.3 Vietnam Coast Guard During the past 16 years, Vietnam’s Coast Guard (VCG) has assumed a more prominent role, strengthened its capabilities, and changed its name. In September 1998, the Defense Ministry created the Vietnam Marine Police to enforce maritime laws across the navy’s five regions. This modernization has enabled it to expand patrols and increase its confidence in confronting maritime threats. The force has benefitted from Vietnam’s recent shipbuilding interest, because it has received
The Common Wealth of Nations is an international organization comprising the Britain and her dominions. It was established as a consequence of the Balfour declaration, 1926 that emphasized on equality in status and independency from the Great Britain. Therefore, by virtue of the statute of Westminster, 1931 this organization was established as “The British and the Commonwealth of Nations” with 7 founding members including Canada, Australia, the Irish Free State, South Africa, New Zealand and Newfoundland
somewhat influenced the processes of the railway development. Whereas the Siamese state succeed in operating the railway system under the Reign of King Rama V during the final years of the nineteenth century, the Siamese elite had acknowledged the importance of the railway since the middle of this century, at least. In 1857, two years after the signing of the Bowring Treaty, King Rama IV had assigned 27 delegates to Great Britain to study Western technologies, including railways (Suehiro, 1996: 9).