Hedging In International Relations

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This study is adapting the theory of hedging in international relations. It is to analyze whether the defense cooperation between the aforementioned countries, and Malaysia, are beneficial to the Armed Forces of Malaysia. Hedging can be defined as a set of methods, positioned to avoid (or planning for contingencies) situations whereby the states cannot decide on direct alternatives, such as band-wagoning, neutrality, and balancing. During the period of hedging, the state will seek to cultivate the middle position whereby they will stall and avoid the decision to pick a side, at the obvious expense of another. This behaviour is extended to multiple variations of diplomatic communication, negotiations, and dialogues between the two states. For…show more content…
There are however non-traditional security matters which is integral in the capacity building in the Straits of Malacca. Nuclear proliferation, and counter-terrorism can be seen as vital acceptance in Southeast Asia region. The relationship between the two countries are focused on the economic and development areas, other than defense cooperation. With the defense cooperation being at the infancy stage, the focus by President Park Guen-hye is more on the North Korea issue, rather than Southeast Asia security issues. This can be seen through the focus on military training, and technology transfers. Malaysia however, sees that the potential of hedging with Korea would be more on modernizing the MAF through Korean Armed Forces’ technologies. The relationship between Malaysia and the European countries is significant due to their focus on defense industry, and technology. These are crucial factors for the purpose of developing their defense capabilities. The MAF benefited through the opportunities on being exposed to the latest technology for defense, and training opportunities. These factors allow the defense industry to form a cooperative effort such as for technology transfer, which is followed by the intent to procure military assets. Subsequently, this would built bilateral and multilateral exercises between these…show more content…
Technology Transfer. The assets which are purchased by the MAF will have a certain factor to it. The technology must be transferable, to ensure that MAF can benefit it in the long run. This would lead to the ability to train expertise, and bettering the defense industry as such. c. Bilateral Exercise. The countries which are involved with the bilateral agreement on defense cooperation are able to expose both MAF brightly on the things they could be focusing on. The feedback shown by the MAF’s personnel would be based on the bilateral exercises which they had gone through. With exercises revolving around assets, morale, missions, and tactics, it is deemed that bilateral exercises are one of the major benefits. d. Regional Security. MAF has been looking to suit themselves with defense cooperation that would bring stability to the South China Sea, and Malacca Strait region. This would bring the examples of their relationship with China, Korea, and even US, especially the ones that focuses on SLOC with the Southeast Asia area. e. Training of Personnel. Training and development with institutes abroad has allowed the MAF to bond with other countries. Programs as such showcases the trust, and relationship between the two

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