Social Care Migration

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Abstract In the past decade, there has been a lot of change in the population structure of the European continent. As many people have grown old, there is need for more services to them. This has raised the interest in the fields of social care and welfare for both elderly people and the young in the European continent. The increased need for care givers has raised the number of immigrants into the European countries that need carers. In most cases, it is imagined that migration is from the third world countries also known as southern countries to the more developed countries also known as the Northern countries but this can be rejected as migration can happen within a country on a class level. This paper is mainly covering the care regime…show more content…
This kind of care is long term in most cases and mainly for the elderly. Long term elderly care is referred to as the provision of either formal or informal support to old people in the community (Anderson, 2012). Anderson, (2012) goes ahead to define care migration as ‘the movement of care workers or immigrants involved in the provision of care assistance to older people’. However, Kofman and Raghuram (2009) make mention of possible gaps left behind by the immigrants as they leave their original countries of…show more content…
Formal care is often distinguished from informal by payment, this is because formal care is usually paid for unlike informal care which is most at times done by relatives who are not paid. Sometimes, three types of care are mentioned since differences seem to occur in what one understands by formal or informal. This third class or type of care is or can be called semi- formal. This type of care is mentioned by Pfau-Effinger (2007) who defines semi- formal care as that which is paid by family members. Semi-formal type of work comes about as other authors such as Bettio and Platenga who refer to informal care as not only unpaid, but unregulated and mostly by relatives or undeclared workers. While formal care is referred to as that carried out under law or contracts. When talking about the types of work, the workers should in this case not be ignored. We shall in this case focus on our topic which is looking at migrant women. Migrant workers are the people that leave their countries of origin and take on work in a foreign country. Migrant workers, especially women working in the care sector, can work in any type of care depending on the demand for labour. If one is employed by a state owned entity they are entitled to pay taxes which is the opposite of someone employed privately by a family. The table below shows details surrounding types of care and employment

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