Teaching English As A Foreign Language

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One thousand five hundred million people worldwide speak English, of whom three hundred seventy five million are native speakers (McKay 2016). Therefore, English language is now considered as an international language, and it is often taught as a foreign language accompanied by teaching both American and British Cultural studies. Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL), in simple words, means the teaching of English language in a non-English-speaking region. Education in American and British cultures deals mainly with the different aspects of both cultures. Teaching English as a Foreign Language besides education in American and British culture may not be considered as a form of cultural imperialism. In fact we should not ignore the fact…show more content…
Culture and language are considered to be two facets of the same coin. For the time being, it is believed that teaching or learning a language can be limited to the direct teaching of linguistic skills like phonology, morphology, vocabulary and syntax. According to the contemporary models of competence, it is revealed that there is much more to learning a language, and they include the vital component of cultural knowledge and awareness (Bachman 1990; Council of Europe 2001). Therefore, according to Bachman, a language learner is undoubtedly a learner of the culture of that language. Thus, learning about language shapes the way the individual learner thinks and behaves. For instance if I am found in a place where pygmies live for forty days, I will automatically learn about the language they are using as well as the lifestyle habits, manners and laws they?re having. To conclude, for the sake of the well knowing of the language, there is always the need of knowing something about its…show more content…
The age group which is most sensitive to this issue is children. Children come to our world as blank sheets and different agents write things on it. At the early stages of growing, children carefully observe things around them, and everything they face play a very important role in shaping their personality and way of thinking. Thus, we might not want to introduce them to different cultures, languages and values until their own ones are already established. ?Children must initially begin their schooling in their own tongue, with which they are familiar. This will help their cognitive development and inculcate critical thinking?. (Zubeida 2012). Zubeida stated that it is really inconvenient to start teaching English at the early ages. He insists that it should be introduced to a child at a late stage, and it should be taught as a second language. However, it is still believed that it is preferable to start language learning earlier, because the input becomes much easier. Above all, Teaching English as a foreign language and education in British and American culture may not necessarily be looked at as a sort of cultural imperialism. It may not really cause students, at a late stage, to lose their cultural identity; on the contrary it will help them get more access to the knowledge about the language. However, the danger of losing one?s identity,

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