Socrates Apology Analysis

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Socrates speech in the ‘Apology’ can be analyzed in different directions. The question of Socrates responsibility requires first the determination of the guilt by distinguishing official charges raised in the Court from moral issues which stayed untold by accusers but were obvious for everybody. From official side there were two indictments raised against Socrates. The first one is about his heterodoxy and lie: ‘Socrates does injustice and is meddlesome, by investigating the things under the earth and the heavenly things, and by making the weaker speech the stronger, and by teaching others these same things’. The second indictment is for corrupting and spoiling the youth. But what is more important while analyzing his deeds is to pay attention…show more content…
Also, such attempt to judge Socrates is more relevant for the reader of the ‘Apology’, as there are not enough facts about his actions known to the reader. Besides, brackets of the legal terms ‘justice’ and ‘wrongdoing’ had changed since the times of Socrates, therefore our criteria's for deciding on his guilt are significantly different from the ones his judges had. Therefore, it is seemed to be more relevant to decide on the moral aspect of Socrates actions which were not raised and charged on him. The reason for that is perpetuity of the human imagination about moral and immoral deeds; it stays the same with time and everybody in any time would be able to identify truly evil action with evil intent from accidental…show more content…
At the very beginning of the speech Socrates claims that he is not advanced speaker and he persuades the public that this is the first time of his presence in the law court, therefore he has no specific oratory skills and has no advantage before accusers, who were, on the contrary, quite experienced in this field. Socrates is asking only for deciding whether his words are just. Such way of introducing himself before the citizens probably would have positive effect on the audience and would help him if it would be continued in the same manner. Moreover, Socrates states that all of his accusers are liars and the only thing he can use to defense himself from slander is a simple truth in his speech. But afterwards, he continues the speech using multitude of clever and artful verbal and logic devices, renouncing the words he said before. Moreover, the true sense of big part of his words is not even understandable for the crowd and Socrates knows that. Still, he is not changing this way of speaking till the end, so the conclusion can be made that the goal of his speech was not connected to the ordinary people, but rather to some specific group which would be able to read between the lines. Therefore, Socrates was not interested in justifying himself but only in preaching one more lesson to his followers and reaffirming his ideology.

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