Socioeconomic Status In Sociology

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- Socioeconomic Status According to the American Psychological Association, children’s socioeconomic status is often measured by their families’ income, education, occupation, or a composite of these factors. Many studies have revealed that children living in the families with low socioeconomic status are vulnerable to environmental, educational, health, and safety risks compared with other children. Especially, socioeconomic status can affect on children’s health at different levels, through different causal pathways, and at different times in the lifecycle. Socioeconomic status can influence exposures, vulnerability, or physiological effects so that health of individuals, household, and neighborhood are affected. (Braveman PA, Cubbin C, Eferter S, et al. Socioeconomic status in health research: one size does not fit all, JAMA. 2005;294(22):2879-2888) In detail, young children living in poverty are more likely to obtain cognitive, behavioral, and socioemotional disabilities, depression, and anxiety. Moreover, they are more susceptible to physical diseases such as obesity, asthma, and cardiovascular disease. (Chen, Martin & Mathews, 2006; Hernandez, Montana, & Clarke, 2010; Lynch and Smith, 2005) (Kim, Hee-Soon. "Health Disparity and Health Welfare among…show more content…
Household income histories and child mental health trajectories. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 2005. 46(4), 357–359.) (Duncan, G., and Brooks-Gunn, J. Consequences of growing up poor. New York, NY: Russell Sage Press. 1997.) (Wagmiller, R.L. Jr., Lennon, M.C., Kuang, L., Alberti, P.M., Aber, J.L. The dynamics of economic disadvantage and children's life changes. American Sociological Review, 2006. 71(5), 847–866.) (Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics. America’s children: key national indicators of well-being, 2015. Childstats 2015. Available from:

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