Essay On Refugee Refugees

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MULTI-DIMENSIONAL RISKS UPON REFUGEE CHILDREN AND THEIR RESILIENCY MIE MIE KYAW Introduction Today’s world migration and becoming refugees is one of the largest and complicated histories. An array of negative factors such as economic recession, political unrest, civil wars, and poor living conditions make many civilians of different countries migrate to other countries and a lot of people seek refugee status. A refugee is defined as: a person who owing to well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of…show more content…
These four systems are the microsystem, the mesosystem, the exosystem and the microsystem. Paquette and Rayan (2001) described the microsystem as the closet layer to the child and contain the structures with which the child has direct contact. Structures in the microsystem include family, school, neighbourhood or childcare environments. Boyd and Bee (2006) suggested another part of the microsystem is the biological context of a child, which can also be described as the genetic makeup and development stage of a child. The second level in Bronfenbrenner’s theory is the mesosystem. Bronfenbrenner(1979) defined the mesosystem as a set of interrelating between two or more settings in which the developing person becomes an active participant. The third level of Bronfenbrenner’s theory is the exosystem. Paquette and Rayn (2001) defined the exosystem as the larger social system in which the child does not function directly. Bronfenbrenner (1979) defined the exosystem as consisting of one or more settings that do not involve the developing person as an active participant but in which events occur that affect or are affected by, what happens in that

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