Personal Status Law Case Study

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IV SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS A. Family The Personal Status Law governs family, which is based on Sharia law and assigns men and women different authorities and freedom. The Personal Status Law states that non-Muslims are allowed to pursue their own religious laws in regard family matters. The government proclaimed to the Committee on the Rights of the Child in 2000 that the Personal Law imposes that the age of marriage should not be less than 18 years for both males and females. Nonetheless, a judge can grant a marriage for a person under 18 if there is proof that it is in the minor’s concern. According to data held by the UN from 2003, 4.2% of females aged 15-19 were married, widowed, or divorced (compared to 15.5% in 1995), and secondary education…show more content…
There is no current data regarding the number of women in polygynous relationships. In Oman, husbands and fathers are normally and legally chosen to be the heads of household. In divorce, fathers usually maintain guardianship of the children, except in certain circumstances. Men have the right to abandon, or divorce their wives unilaterally, since women are only capable to set up a divorce in a restricted range of circumstances, like abandonment. Women can also have a ‘khula’ divorce, by which they can have a divorce unilaterally if they go along with of the forfeit their dowry and any future financial support. Women married to non-Omani citizens are incapable to transfer citizenship to their children. In the year 2006, the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) noted that pregnancies outside of marriage are acknowledged to be illegitimate in Oman, and children born to unmarried women are taken from their mothers and settled in alternative care, in order to correct the woman’s immoral behaviour. It shows that this manner is still…show more content…
Oman is a monarchy, and the Sultan rules by legal order, the current Sultan has been in power since 1970, and has popularized a broad program of reform and modernisation, In which women were visible and active members. Classified by the World Bank as a high-income country, Oman’s economy is reliant on agriculture, oil and tourism, and fishing. The greatest numbers of the population are Ibadhi Muslims. Oman also has a big expatriate population, including a great number of female migrant domestic workers who are not secured by constitution suitable to Omani residents. In 2011, presentations took place in the capital, calling for job creation, and political

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