Nursing Theory Comparison

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Theory Comparison Paper Nurse practitioner (NP) autonomy was defined as the professional independence to deliver services in collaboration with other healthcare providers within institutional guidelines regarding patient care. As an aspiring NP, and for all practicing NPs, having autonomy is essential to the delivery of effective patient care without worrying about second-guessing. State regulations and institutional guidelines such as the requirement for physicians’ co-signing are challenges that can hinder an NP’s ability to practice to her or his full potential. Autonomy is interchangeable or synonymous with independence. In general autonomy means ability to self -direct in one’s own action. Therefore, it is essential that NPs have full…show more content…
According to Maslow (Paris & Terhaar, 2011) people are motivated to achieve certain needs. Some needs take priority over others such as basic needs for physical survival such as food, water, shelter, and safety (Paris & Terhaar, 2011). Maslow’s theory creates visual image of a pyramid divided into five levels, which is shown in Figure 2. Individual needs start with the most basic need and only when basic needs are met then are other needs met according to their place in the…show more content…
My concept map (Figure 3) shows that this theory has multiple elements that support NP’s autonomy. Physiology, basic element of Maslow’s theory, is fundamental to all humans. However, it is the other four components of the theory that are more applicable to autonomy. First, safety is essential to patient care which relates to autonomy since NPs have responsibility to provide safe and quality care to their patients. NPs are accountable to patients and want to establish relationships with their patients that is based on respect, trust, and advocacy (Weiland S. A., 2015). Furthermore, Maslow’s safety factor empowers NP’s ability to practice without physician oversight and facilitates voluntary interdisciplinary relationship, which in turn enhances collaboration and team work. Second, the belonging component of Maslow’s theory aids connectivity between NPs and others. It is paramount that NPs become part of a community that cares for each other. NPs want to collaborate with other health care providers and have meaningful relationships with patients and professional colleagues (Weiland S. A., 2015). Third, self-esteem is another factor that has strong connection to NP’s autonomy since feeling valued by those whom they work with and care for is crucial to their

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