Natural Disasters In The Philippines

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According to a Senior Lecturer of School of Asian Studies at the University of Auckland, Greg Bankoff (2003), Philippines is both geophysically and meteorologyically one of the world’s natural hazard ‘hot spots’. Belgium-based Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED), which has compiled one of the most comprehensive records on the occurrence of natural hazards in the world since 1990, the Philippines experiences more such events than any other country. Between 1900 and 1991, there were 702 disasters such as earthquakes, floods and volcanic eruptions (Bankoff, 2003). Since almost all the islands are prone to and have been visited by earthquakes, it is partly because the Philippines is located in the Pacific Ocean's "Ring of…show more content…
Acacio and Ikuo Towhata (1993) tackled about the strongest earthquake has ever recorded in the Philippines history. A destructive earthquake occurred on July 16, 1990 in the middle of Luzon Island about 110 km north of Manila, Philippines. Its magnitude, M=7.8 this event among the greatest to have occurred in the Philippine Archipelago in recent decades. The earthquake was accompanied by a slip along a 110 km-long segment of the Philippine fault that ruptured the Earth’s crust to a depth of about 25 km. The ruptured segment is located in the northern-most edge of the 1200 km-long Philippine fault extending northerly from Mindanao Island and veering north-westward in the middle of the Archipelago (Ishihara et al, 1993). “A case-control study was carried out to identify the risk factors for earthquake-related injuries and at the same time observations were made on the rescue efforts. Being hit by falling objects was the leading cause of injury (34%). Those injured during the tremor were more likely to have been inside buildings constructed of concrete or mixed materials and to have been on the middle floors of multi-storey buildings. Leaving a building during the earthquake was a protective behaviour. Of the 235 survivors who were trapped and rescued alive from the rubble, 99% were rescued within 48 hours of the impact of the tremor” M. C. Roces, M. E.…show more content…
“Everyone must learn from the recent effects of the magnitude 6.7 earthquake in Surigao del Norte. If a similar event happens in a highly urbanized area, the effects can be more devastating,” PHIVOLCS Director Renato Solidum (2017) warned. The West Valley Fault, moves roughly every 400 years. The last major earthquake generated by this fault was in 1658 or 357 years ago. The 100-kilometer fault traverses parts of Bulacan through Quezon City, Marikina, Makati, Pasig, Taguig and Muntinlupa in Metro Manila; San Pedro, Biñan, Sta. Rosa, Cabuyao and Calamba in Laguna; and Carmona, General Mariano Alvarez and Silang in Cavite said (Solidum, 2017). The magnitude 7.2 quake could kill up to 34,000 people and injure 100,000 others due to collapsed buildings according to a 2004 study funded by the Japan International Cooperation Agency for Phivolcs and the Metropolitan Manila Development

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