How Does Motivation Affect Job Performance

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In this most challenging world, in order to compete in the global business every organisation should get maximum possible performance from its employees (Khan, 1997). Human resource is considered as one of the important asset of an organisation (Griffin, 2003). Motivation and job performance are the biggest questions management is attempting to answer in the recent years (Behn, 1995). Brown (1998) describes employee motivation as a crucial factor to be present for better performance in an organisation. Eastern Provincial Treasury was established in 1987 and manages three main districts of Sri Lanka. The main functions include improving Eastern province budget process, improving current revenue system, creating annual budget for all the ministries…show more content…
The below are the set of objectives of the research 1. To critically discuss the theories and concepts relating to employee motivation and job performance 2. To critically analyse the impact of employee motivation on job performance. 3. To undertake both quantitative primary research through questionnaires and direct interviews at Eastern provincial council, to examine whether motivation is a determinant factor that influences job performance and currently what forms of motivation available to the employees. 4. To establish conclusions as to what extent employee motivation affects employee performance and make recommendations based on the collected data 5. To reflect on the current study to identify how motivational factors can increase employee performance and the gaps in skills to aid in future development 1.2 Initial Literature Review The driving force behind the success of every organisation is employee motivation and performance (Salemi, 1997; Gunkel, 2006). Motivation is a force that influences and initiates the work related behaviour (Ambrose & Kulik, 1999). According to Naylor (2004), managers need to motivate employees through extrinsic and intrinsic benefits. Furthermore, intrinsic motivation is the satisfaction employees derive by work itself whereas, extrinsic motivation is come from external factors such as rewards, bonus, recognitions, and promotion.…show more content…
Research methodology is a set of rules for research and validation of knowledge by the researcher (Creswell, 2003). According to Cooper and Schindler (1998) one of the challenge faced by the researcher is research methodology. According to Sekaran (2003), research methodology is a collection and evaluation of the existing knowledge created by the regulatory framework. Research philosophy can be defined as development of research knowledge, background and nature (Saunders, Lewis and Thomhil, 2007). According to Bryman and Bell (2003), philosophy can be divided into two main parts as Positivism and Interpretivism. Saunders et al (2009), came up two more philosophies as Pragmatism and Realism. Researcher will use Pragmatism as the research philosophy as it takes both internal and external views into consideration. It also adopts objective and subjective views as well (Saunders et al, 2009). Another important decision for a researcher is to select a research approach (Creswell, 2003). According to Hair and Ortinau (2003), research approaches are quantitative versus qualitative and deductive versus inductive approach. Quantitative research focuses more on numbers (Punch, 2000), whereas qualitative data which are non-numerical (Johnson &Christensen 2008). The combination of both of these approaches is known as mixed approach (Onwuegbuzie & Jiao,

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