History Of Public Transport

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Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, or mass transit) is a shared passenger-transport service which is available for use by the general public, as distinct from modes such as taxicab, carpooling, or hired buses, which are not shared by strangers without private arrangement. Public transport modes include city buses, trolleybuses, trams (or light rail) and passenger trains, rapid transit (metro/subways/undergrounds etc) and ferries. Public transport between cities is dominated by airlines, coaches, and intercity rail. High-speed rail networks are being developed in many parts of the world. Most public transport runs to a scheduled timetable with the most frequent services running to a headway. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_transport)…show more content…
In ASSA cities the most prominent PT types are passenger taxis, buses, and trains. Public road transport is more extensive and prominent than urban rail service, but commuters in several ASSA cities are served by urban and national rail services. Theoretical literature review Historical Development of Public Transport Conveyances designed for public hire are as old as the first ferries, and the earliest public transport was water transport: on land people walked (sometimes in groups and on pilgrimages, as noted in sources such as the Bible and The Canterbury Tales) or (at least in the Old World) rode an animal. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_transport 2.1 Evolution of Urban mobility According to Jean-paual-Rodrigue (2006), urban mobility has developed with the development of urban area and he divided into three phases follow as below. In developed countries, there have been three general eras of urban development and each is associated with different form of mobility Jean-paual-Rodrigue…show more content…
a major cause is rapid urban population growth, resulting in increased demand with which many transport systems are unable to cope adequately, compounded by low levels of income, inadequate road infrastructure , un controlled use of private transport server , traffic congestion, and inadequate and inefficient public transport systems Richard Iles (2005), public transport in developing countries. Urban public transport is widely viewed as one of the key elements of sustainable transportation. With sufficient load. it is also viewed as an important influence on the structure of cities hence many cities are investing in new or expanded systems in an effort to promote more compact patterns of development . but in less developed world, non-motorized trips still account for over one third of all persons trips, while public transport accounts for another third WIT press computational mechanics, (1998), urban transport and environment for the 21st century . The shortage of public transport facilities and services leads to very high load crowding and associated safety problems. Public transport in developing countries Characteristics of public transport in developing

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