Robust knowledge, to me robust is means a large and solid amount of something and in this case it is describing knowledge. Therefore this knowledge will be very vast and also have validity. Though more importantly, what is consensus and what is disagreement? Consensus and disagreement are easily two sides of a coin. Consensus is an agreement upon an idea by a group of people. While disagreement being a conflicting group of ideas between people. Both may be necessary for robust knowledge or just one
Introduction Knowledge management as the name suggest is separate set of discipline in an organization whose major task is to promote an integrated approach to identify, capture , evaluate, retrieve and share all the information in context of an organization , that is the information which is relevant to the organization. It may include the database of the organization, documents, the set of terms and condition followed in the organization, procedures, and the final records of the organization.
some protection to creators and inventors, this must be limited to benefit society. The utilitarian theory of IP law, the theory I find most compelling, is the ‘guideline that lawmakers’ beacon when shaping property rights.’ Landes and Posner's essay exemplifies this theory, arguing that IP law should protect creations and inventions for the benefit of society. Despite this, I will argue that IP protection has gone too far beyond utilitarian theory, so the term of copyrights and patents ought
1. Introduction 1.1 Background Everyone has heard of or seen of an opera singer breaking glass with his/her robust vocals. From cartoons to Ella Fitzgerald from classical 1970's commercials, the phenomenon between loud, piercing sounds and shattering glass is well known.1 This phenomenon depends highly on the property that is very specific for any material, its natural frequency. The material's natural frequency is the frequency an object will vibrate with after an extrinsic disturbance. These frequencies