Cognitive Theory Of Learning Analysis

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“Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever.”-Mahatma Gandhi. Introduction, Concept and definition: Learning is a powerful incentive for many employees to stick to certain organizations. Learning has a significant impact on individual behavior and collective behavior as it influences abilities, perceptions and motivation. Along with its role in individual behavior, learning is also essential for managing knowledge. Knowledge management enhances an organization’s capacity to acquire, share and utilize knowledge in ways that improve its survival and leads to its success. Learning is any relative permanent change in behavior brought out by experience or practice. Learning is perceived as the modification of behavior…show more content…
Salivation is an innate reflex, or unconditioned response, to the presentation of food, an unconditioned stimulus. Pavlov demonstrated that dogs could be conditioned to salivate merely to the sound of a buzzer (a conditioned stimulus), after it was sounded a number of times in conjunction with the food presentation. Learning is said to occur because salivation has been conditioned to a new stimulus that did not elicit it initially. The pairing of food with the buzzer acts to reinforce the buzzer as the prominent stimulus. This can be demonstrated in the following…show more content…
Cognitive process assumes that people are conscious, active participants in how and what they learn. Cognitive theory of learning assumes that any individual learns the meaning of various objects, events and learned responses depending on the meaning assigned to each of the stimuli. Wolfgang Kohler showed that a protracted process of trial-and-error may be replaced by a sudden understanding that grasps the interrelationships of a problem. This process, called insight, is more akin to piecing together a puzzle than responding to a stimulus. Edward Tolman (1930) found that unrewarded rats learned the layout of a maze, yet this was not apparent until they were later rewarded with food. Tolman called this latent learning, and it has been suggested that the rats developed cognitive maps of the maze that they were able to apply immediately when a reward was offered. The cognitive theory of learning is also relevant in the contemporary managerial practices. Many motivation theories revolve around the concept of cognition. Expectations, attributions and locus are all cognitive concepts that require attention while motivating employees in

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