Building Automation System

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Building Automation Systems can be considered as a tool in the hands of building operations personnel that provides a more effective and efficient control over all of the building systems. Today, Building Automation Systems (BAS) are a widely accepted and adopted technology through homes, buildings, residential and industrial complexes. BAS are concerned with improving the interaction among integrated systems and the habitants/users of the buildings. Historically BAS were developed from automatic control of HVAC (heating, ventilation, air-conditioning) systems, simultaneously (Figueiredo and Martins, 2010) improving human comfort and reducing energy costs. BAS increase the interaction of mechanical sub - systems within a building and reduce…show more content…
It has centralized, interlinked networks that have hardware and software, which monitor and control the environment in all types of facilities. The automation system conserves energy, lightens loads, ensures that the facilities operate efficiently and make sure building occupants are comfortable and safe providing comprehensive, customized solutions that bring out a building's top performance while keeping the people inside safe, comfortable, and productive. Basically, building automation begins with control of mechanical, electrical, and plumbing systems. A building controlled by a BAS is often referred to as an intelligent building, smart building or a smart…show more content…
Smart buildings are a reflection of technological advancements and convergence of building systems. They provide information about a building or space that is within a building to allow the owner or occupants of the building to manage it. 2.2.5 OFFICE AUTOMATION Office automation is the use of various technologies (e.g. computer & telecommunication) to simplify & support routine office functions, improve communication, increase office productivity & enhance the quality of clerical output (Mohammad, 2011). This refers to the ‘varied computer machinery and software used to digitally create, collect, store, manipulate and relay office information needed for accomplishing basic tasks. The basic activities of an office automation system comprise: raw data storage, electronic transfer, and the management of electronic business information. 2.2.6 INTELLIGENT BUILDING The term “intelligent buildings” was first used in the United States in the early eighties and a definition given by the former Intelligent Building Institution in Washington was an intelligent building is one which integrates various systems to effectively manage resources in a coordinated mode to maximise technical performance, investment and operating cost

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