Vulnerable Children In India

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1.1. Introductory Children are the weakest and most vulnerable section of human population in any country since they are unable to raise their voices against those who injure them. It is for this reason, that a society must have two concerns, viz., a) Children being the most delicate yet best human resource for future, they require growth, development and best care and b) Children being most vulnerable, they are to be protected from all sorts of exploitation, physical, mental and moral. The Hon’ble Supreme Court in Bandhua Mukti Morcha v. Union of India, made a starking observation which read as: “Child of today cannot develop to be a responsible and productive member of tomorrow’s society unless an environment which is conducive to his…show more content…
Vulnerable Children All children due to their age are considered to be at risk of exploitation, abuse, violence and neglect. But vulnerability cannot be defined simply by age. Though age is one component, vulnerability is also measured by the child's capability for self-protection. The question that arises is, are children capable of protecting themselves. Can children provide for their basic needs, defend against a dangerous situation or even recognise a dangerous situation is developing? These questions call for a redefinition of the concept of self-protection. A child's vulnerability comes from various factors that hinder a child's ability to function and grow normally. Hence self-protection is more about the ability of the child to lead a healthy life within a child protection system; the ability to protect themselves or get help from people who can provide protection. The term vulnerable children refer to an age group that is considered at risk. But vulnerability of children is further compounded by the following factors: • Age within age: Younger children, especially those below the age of six, are much more dependent on the protection system. • Physical disabilities • Mental…show more content…
Object and Scope of the study: The present study has been undertaken to with the following objectives: • to analyse the problem of sexual abuse of children. • to study the laws and regulations protecting the child rights at international and national level. • to examine the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012 passed by the Indian Government for the protection of the children from sexual abuse. 1.3. Significance of the Study: This study will help to analyze various facets of sexual abuse of children and the relevant laws and their shortcomings. The critical analysis of the POCSO Act will provide an insight into the positives and negatives in the working of the Act. The comparison of the Act with similar legislation in other countries will provide a clear view of the strengths and weakness of the Act. It would provide suggestions to protect and nourish the children: real assets of any nation. 1.4. Research problem: The research problem for the study is to understand the concept of CSA and to analyze the POCSO Act as means to curb the problem of CSA. It also focuses on the various judicial decisions in interpreting the CSA. 1.5. Research

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