Universal Health Model

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Health model Context Health Systems are complex adaptive systems. All people aspire to receive quality and reasonably priced health care. In recent decades, this aspiration has encouraged calls for universal health coverage (UHC) and the world and its governments have seen the birth of a global Universal Health Coverage movement. The World Health Assembly in 2005 called on governments to “improve their health systems”, so that all citizens can have access to services and do not suffer financial adversity paying for them. Since then, Universal Health Coverage has been the aim of many developing countries, including the Latin American and Caribbean region. Latin America faces a huge challenges when it comes to health related topics such as inequalities…show more content…
This reflects both the greater drop in mortality for the first group of diseases, which mainly occur in children, as well as by the change in the population’s age structure, which leads to an increase in deaths of older adult.(Headquarters, n.d.) (CEPAL, 2004) Due to these change families tend to spend 50%(Xu et al., 2007) or more of their non-food expenditure on health and as a result is highly expected to be impoverished as a result. Detailed household surveys show that in Brazil, Bulgaria, Jamaica, Kyrgyzstan, Mexico, Nepal, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, the Russian Federation, Vietnam and Zambia more than 1% of all households had to spend on health half or more of their full monthly capacity to pay, which means that in large countries millions of families are at risk of…show more content…
But even countries that are spending more than the estimated minimum required cannot relax. Mainly because achieving the health Millennium Development Goals and ensuring access to critical interventions focusing on non-communicable diseases is just the beginning (WHO, 2010). As the system improves, demands for more services, greater quality and/or higher levels of financial risk protection will inevitably follow Financial protection. Based on Kutzin work he defined FP as the protection against the economic impact of ill health, which denotes preventing people from becoming poor or incurring costs as a result of a health problem that threatens every day’s life expenses and forces them to choose between their physical and mental health and their economic well-being (Thomson,

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