Type 2 Diabetes Research Paper

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Diabetes is a growing problem is our world today. Millions have this disease, and the percentage is predicted to grow. A simple definition of diabetes is when the body cannot metabolize not only carbs, but fats and oils as well. When something is metabolized it means that a reaction caused the molecule to be changed into another molecule. This can happen in order to store the molecule or have the molecule used for another purpose. There are two types of diabetes. Type 1 makes up only 5-10% of all cases and is when the body cannot make enough insulin. It is called “juvenile onset” diabetes because most cases appear before the age of thirty, and the average age is 10-14 years old. Type 2 mainly occurs in the second half of life has to do with the body not responding to the insulin. It takes an average of seven years to discover, which can often lead to the damage of the eyes, blood vessels, kidneys and nerves. Type 2 constitutes about 90-95% of all cases of diabetes.…show more content…
One of the key terms for understanding type 2 diabetes is insulin resistance. Insulin resistance is when the cells do not respond anymore to the insulin. On average there are about half as many insulin receptors for someone with type 2 diabetes compared to someone without diabetes. Insulin receptors are where the insulin bonds to on the cell’s surface. There are two stages of type 2 diabetes. The first is that the cells stop responding to the insulin. The second step is the pancreas, the organ responsible for making insulin, makes more and more insulin to keep up with the demand. Eventually the pancreas can no longer meet the demand and completely shuts down. The problem, however, is not with the insulin but with the cell

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